The history of the Appalachian Trail is almost as long and winding as the path itself, extending for more than 2,100 miles. It originated in the early twentieth century. Though the trail that was eventually opened to the people of this great country was not envisioned by its creator, it remains one of the biggest draws for hikers across the world.
Traversing through 14 of our 48 continental states, the Appalachian Trail provides hikers and visitors with the massive proposition of delivering them from Georgia to Mane and winding them through 14 national parks and 18 national forests.
From its slow start to a place where the finish line for this fantastic trail is nowhere in sight, the Appalachian Trail is truly one of America’s greatest treasures. It is a wonder that will continue to offer thousands of hikers worldwide a view of America’s east that can be expensed in no other way. It is a thing of awe and beauty.
From Brain-Child to Reality with a Few Concessions
Benton Mackaye, a land-use planner with a degree from Harvard, was a hiking and nature enthusiast. He was always on the hunt to seek out our country's beauty and nature and make it accessible to the general public. Maybe, in turn, those people would turn into nature enthusiasts like himself.
Mackaye graduated from Harvard in the very early 1900s. Legend has it he was setting in a treetop and thought it would be a beautiful idea to make a hiking trail through Georgia's Appalachian Mountains, stretching through the beautiful lands between there and Main.
In 1921, the magazine The Journal of American Architects convinced Mackaye to write an article outlining his idea. While this would be enough for most, Mackaye went on to take it several steps further.
He wanted to ensure that it was more than just a walking trail. It was to be a place where the city dwellers of the East could take a while where they could leave their work-a-day life and become a part of nature for a time. A place where they could experience the landscape as it was meant to be.
On the trail, they could take a respite from their daily lives, enjoy nature precisely as it was meant to be, and, according to Mackaye, “to walk, to see, and to see what you see.” For lack of a better way to but it, Mackaye hoped this firsthand experience would encourage those to see his vision more intimately. They would be able to escape their “normal lives,” and have ease of access to be able to simply live in the moment and be one with nature, even if for just a little while.
Mackaye’s Original Idea Behind the Trail
Mackaye originally intended for the trail to be a “utopian ideal” that consisted of self-sustaining camps. Eventually, these camps would provide travelers and hikers a taste of self-sufficient authentic mountain living provided to the travelers by like-minded soles who wanted to share their communal mountain way of living with those who wanted to taste the lifestyle for themselves.
Movers and Shakers of the 1920s
The original people who Mackaye turned to wanted to show visitors of the Trail the way of life he wanted to pass along, which would eventually become what would be known as the Appalachian Trail Conservancy. Still, they would not be the ones to make the dream become Mackaye’s reality. That honor would go to Arthur Perkins, a retired judge, and Myron Avery, a lawyer.
With those two on the case, things began happening for the Trail at a faster pace than Mackaye could have ever dreamed of doing on his own. Those two men not only became the heads of the Appalachian Trail Conservancy, but they also made this trail a priority, and it was through their leadership and Mackaye’s vision that the Appalachian Trail as we know it came to pass.
The Best Laid Plans of Mice and Men
We all know what happens when too many chefs are in the kitchen; bad things tend to happen. Something very similar happened with the creation of the Appalachian Trail.
During the 1930s, Mackaye and Avery began to differ significantly in the vision for the Trial. Mackaye virtually abandoned the creation of the Trail altogether, allowing the brain trust of Perkins and Avery to take over the dream he once had for the great communal route that would cover the East of our great nation. With that, the great communal ideal was abandoned.
In 1937, the Trail was open to the American public, but it was far from complete.
The Devastation of 1938
While things rocked along for a bit after the Trail opened, nothing could have prepared anyone for the devastation that accompanied one of the most destructive hurricanes to hit the East Coast in history in the year 1938.
Not only did this hurricane destroy over 100 miles of the Trail, but it also happened to hit at a time when America began to enter WWII. That very factor placed the repair of the Trail at the bottom of the list in terms of necessity.
1948 - Walking the Army Out of His System
The Trail continued to have its share of issues throughout ‘38 and beyond ‘48. Still, it was that year that former Army man, Earl Schaffer, decided that the Appalachian Trail was precisely what was needed for his soul to “walk the Army out of his system,” and that is precisely what he did.
Schaffer is thought to be the first person to traverse the Trail in its entirety and become #1 in the “2,000 miler’s club.” And that would only be the first time that Schaffer would make the trek. He walked the trail again in 1965 and again in 1998 at an astounding 78 years old.
According to Schaffer, “I almost wished the Trail really was endless, that no one could ever hike its length.” That is an excellent testament to the healing properties that being in tune with nature can honesty do for a person. But Schaffer was just the first of many to take the same trek and commune with nature, as the Trail was originally intended.
Age Ain’t Nothin’ But a Number
While most start off with the best intentions of making it into the “2,000 miler’s club,” most only make it about ⅓ of the way through.
Do not be disillusioned; however, it had absolutely nothing to do with age that keeps one from making the trek.
In 1955, a grandma with 11 children and 23 grandchildren made the hike at the ripe old age of 67, and she was one of the very first hikers to make the entire journey. Not only was she one of the first people to make the journey, but she also holds the honor of being the first woman in history to complete the pilgrimage.
Since then, people as young as 5, as old as 81, and even hikers who were blind and above-the-knee amputees have made the journey from beginning to end.
Other Contributors Who Have Done Their Part to Ensure the Trail’s Beauty and Longevity
Genevieve Hutchinson - Take Only Pictures and Leave Only Footprints
While hiking the trail, being all or part of it makes the hiker a piece of narrative; there are those who have done remarkable things to ensure that the Appalachian Trail continues to be an integral part of American History.
One of those people is Genevieve Hutchinson.
While Hutchinson only walked part of the trail, she did her part to ensure that it was free of debris left by hikers and other means, keeping the Trail as pristine as possible. She opened her home to travelers, and she kept a scrapbook and memoir of her time and experiences on the Trail and titled it “Home on the Trail.”
Though Hutchinson was undoubtedly sitting on a gold mine, per se, with her tales of the trail, she refused to publish her book, leaving it only for her family so that they could eventually experience a bit of the magic she herself lived. Upon her passing in the mid-70s, it was handed down to her family as a priceless keepsake.
While the true meaning behind the Trail was to stop and smell the roses, you know some feel compelled to get out there and see just how fast they can complete the Trail. And it has been done and done again.
Currently, the records belong to:
- Andrew Thompson completed the Trail in its entirety in 2005 in 47 days, 13 hours, and 13 minutes.
- The female with the fastest record belongs to Jennifer Pharr Davis. In 2008, she completed the Trail in 57 days, 8 hours, and 35 minutes.
The History of the Appalachian Trail: A Life-Changing Hike
From its inception in a man’s head, while sitting atop a tree contemplating life to the trail that hikers know, love, and visit by the thousands per year, the Appalachian trail is a piece of American history that nature enthusiasts will forever cherish.
Whether you intend to check out a small part of the Trail or you want to become a member of the “2,000 milers club,” the Appalachian Trail is a must-see for Americana enthusiasts worldwide.
There is no doubt that, regardless of how much of the Trail you decide to take, it will be a life-changing hike that will stay in your memory until the end of your days. Hopefully, it will be a memory you can pass on to family members, and that tradition will continue for years to come.